Poor Man's Rekognition

Developed under Google Summer of Code 2019 by Sarfaraz Iraqui

Mentor: Johannes Von Lochter

Introduction

Poor Man's Rekognition (PMR) aims to provide a free and open source alternative to Amazon Rekognition.

Amazon Rekognition is a fairly complex system.

During GSoC, the project focused on face detection and recognition only.

There are many libraries especially in Python that provide these functionality but they require a lot of expensive hardware for practical use.

This project is aimed to make everything run on CPU but still provide reasonable performance for a REST API.

Project Structure

The project is divided into three sub-projects:

For eg. there is no ArcFace model on C++ or Nodejs. This provides completely everything that is needed to build Amazon Rekognition like API.

  1. Proposal - https://github.com/sziraqui/pmr-gsoc-tracker/blob/master/Proposal-PMR-CCExtractor.pdf

  2. Nodoface repository - https://github.com/sziraqui/nodoface

  3. PMR-Core repository - https://github.com/sziraqui/pmr-core

  4. PMR-Server repository - https://github.com/sziraqui/pmr-server

Installation

Only Nodoface requires a tough installation because it depends on some C++ libraries.

PMR-Core and Server require just one command for setup.

Part 1: Install dependencies

Nodoface depends on-

All above libs must be compiled as a shared library

Step 1: Install OpenCV 3.4.x.

If opencv is already installed, ensure it is recognised by pkg-config by executing:

$ pkg-config --modversion opencv

Step 2: Install dlib 19.13 or greater as a shared library (default is static).

Check this answer by DavisKing for compiling it as shared library.

Ensure it is recognised by pkg-config:

$ pkg-config --modversion dlib

Step 3: Install OpenFace. The original repo can only compile as static library.

So use my OpenFace fork instead. I have modified CMakelists.txt to compile OpenFace as shared lib.

$ git clone [https://github.com/sziraqui/OpenFace.git](https://github.com/sziraqui/OpenFace.git) && cd OpenFace
$ git checkout dynamic-compile
$ ./download_models.sh
$ mkdir build && cd build
$ cmake -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=RELEASE CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS="-std=c++11" -D CMAKE_EXE_LINKER_FLAGS="-std=c++11" 
$ make -j2
$ sudo make install

After this, Nodoface can be installed in any Node project with npm install nodoface

Part 2: Setup server

The server depends on PMR-Core and knn-classifier.

Step 1: Create a project folder. Let's name it "pmr".

mkdir pmr

Step 2: Clone dependent repositories in project folder.

cd pmr
git clone [https://github.com/sziraqui/nodoface](https://github.com/sziraqui/nodoface)
git clone [https://github.com/sziraqui/pmr-core](https://github.com/sziraqui/pmr-core)
git clone [https://github.com/sziraqui/pmr-server](https://github.com/sziraqui/pmr-server)
git clone [https://github.com/tensorflow/tfjs-models/tree/master/knn-classifier](https://github.com/tensorflow/tfjs-models/tree/master/knn-classifier)

Step 3: Install packages in PMR-Core

cd pmr-core
npm install
cd ../

Step 4: Setup KNN-classifier

cp -r tfjs-models/knn-classifier knn-classifier
cd knn-classifier
npm install
cd ../

Step 5: Setup server

cd pmr-server
npm install
cd ../

Part 3: Setup database

The project uses PostgreSQL database. Face embeddings and PMR-Server data is stored in a database. Follow below instructions to setup a local database for the PMR-Server.

Step 1: Create DB schema

Install PostgreSQL and create a schema as per this ER diagram

Step 2:

Download LFW dataset from http://vis-www.cs.umass.edu/lfw/lfw-deepfunneled.tgz

Extract it somewhere (say pmr/lfw-deepfunneled)

Step 3: Populate face embedding data in DB

cd pmr-server
./bin/add_faces_to_db.ts pmr/lfw-deepfunneled LFW DEEPFUNNELED

For more info on script usage, pass it --help flag with no arguments.

Any other dataset can be used as long as the directory structure is same as that if LFW.

Start server

Run start-server script to start the server on localhost

./bin/start-server
Usage docs

Nodoface:

Nodoface can be used without PMR-Core and Server. See nodoface/examples directory and nodoface/tests directory to learn the usage.

PMR-Core:

PMR-Core can be used without the Server but depends on Nodoface. Look for files ending with *test.ts in pmr-core/src to learn usage. Scripts provided in pmr-server/bin directory are also good place to explore.

PMR-Server:

See the endpoints in pmr-server/src/api/vX/*.ts.

Request/Response syntax can be understood by going through pmr-server/src/amzn-dtypes and pmr-server/src/pmr-dtypes.

At the time of writing, there is no UI for this server. I use Postman to test the endpoints.

Making requests to server

  1. POST /api/v0/detect-faces

Request body:

{ "Image": { "Bytes": "base64-string-of-image" } }

"Bytes" is the base64 string representation of input image. This is same as DataURL after removing the first intial characters "data:image/jpeg;base64," (for jpeg image). I use https://www.base64-image.de to get base64 string while testing.

  1. POST /api/v0/recognize-celebrities

    Request body: Same as that for detect-faces endpoint above.

  2. POST /api/v0/celebrity-in-video

Request body:

{ "Video": { "Url": "direct-downloadable-video-url" } }

Handling response from server

The server follows a "Dispatch and Poll" method. Everytime a request is received, the server dispatches a "Job" and sends response immediately with the Job status. Sample response:

{
   "JobId": "string",
   "JobStatus": "PENDING",
   "ResultUrl": "url"
 }

One can poll on the ResultUrl until JobStatus becomes "COMPLETED". When that happens, the response will include output such as BoundingBox, Celebrity name, etc depending on the request. Also the RequestUrl of a COMPLETED job will point to output file with visualisations drawn (bonding boxes, labels, etc on image/video). Read this blogto learn more.

  1. My GSoC notes - https://github.com/sziraqui/pmr-gsoc-tracker/tree/master/notes

  2. Blog (GSoC final evaluation) - https://link.medium.com/qlbGEnFdyZ

Contact details

Slack - @sziraqui

Email/Hangouts - sarfarazghlm@gmail.com

LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/in/sziraqui